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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-40

Remineralization potential of varnish containing casein phosphopeptides-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride and varnish containing only fluoride: A comparative study


1 Department of Dentistry, Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hassan, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Priya Subramaniam
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru - 560 068, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_44_17

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Background: Fluoride varnishes have been the standard of practice for the professional application of fluoride. The primary reason for wide acceptance of fluoride varnish is that the procedure is easy, safe, convenient, and well-accepted by patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the remineralizing potential of varnish containing casein phosphopeptides-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and fluoride (MI Varnish®), with that of varnish containing only fluoride (Fluor Protector®). Materials and Methods: Fifty premolar teeth samples were used for this part of the study. They were divided into two Groups (1 and 2), consisting of 25 samples each. Two windows on the buccal surface of these samples were made and assigned randomly as control and experimental window. Initial depth of carious lesions of both windows was measured in all the samples. No varnish was applied on control windows. On the experimental window of Subgroup 1, varnish containing CPP-ACP with fluoride was applied, and on samples of Group 2, varnish containing only fluoride was applied. After varnish application, all the samples were subjected to pH-cycling. Following, the final depth of carious lesion was calculated using polarized light microscope. The data obtained were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The final depths of artificial carious lesion of experimental window of Group 1 and 2 were 131.26 ± 7.01 μm and 134.11 ± 5.95 μm, respectively. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the remineralizing potential of varnish containing CPP-ACP and fluoride and varnish containing only fluoride.


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